Brazil

TAM airlines is Brazil's and Latin America's largest airline. Its headquarters are in São Paulo, operating scheduled services to destinations within Brazil, as well as international flights to Europe and other parts of North and South America. Shares in the company are traded on the São Paulo Exchange (BM&F Bovespa) and New York Stock Exchange as "TAM S.A."

Brazil is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people. It is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas and the largest lusophone country in the world.

 

Geography

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile.

Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, after Russia, Canada, China and the United States, and third largest in the Americas; with a total area of 8,514,876.599 km2 (3,287,612 sq mi), including 55,455 km2 (21,411 sq mi) of water. It spans three time zones; from UTC-4 in the western states, to UTC-3 in the eastern states (and the official time of Brazil) and UTC-2 in the Atlantic islands. Brazil is the only country in the world that lies on the equator while having contiguous territory outside the tropics.

Pico da Neblina Atlantic Ocean Amazon River

Brazilian topography is also diverse and includes hills, mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands. Much of the terrain lies between 200 metres (660 ft) and 800 metres (2,600 ft) in elevation.The main upland area occupies most of the southern half of the country. The highest point in Brazil is the Pico da Neblina at 2,994 metres (9,823 ft), and the lowest is the Atlantic Ocean.

Brazil has a dense and complex system of rivers, one of the world's most extensive, with eight major drainage basins, all of which drain into the Atlantic. Major rivers include the Amazon (the world's second-longest river and the largest in terms of volume of water), the Paraná and its major tributary the Iguaçu (which includes the Iguazu Falls), the Negro, São Francisco, Xingu, Madeiraand Tapajós rivers.

Nowhere else on earth will you find so much natural diversity in so tiny place. Ecuador is the second-smallest country in South America, but surprisingly it offers a lot!

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President of Brazil, Ms. Dilma Rousseff

President BrazilMs. Dilma Rousseff is the 36th and current President of Brazil. She is the first woman to hold the office. Prior to that, in 2005, she was also the first woman to become Chief of Staff of Brazil, appointed by then President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

In 2002, Rousseff joined the committee responsible for the energy policy of presidential candidate Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who after winning the election invited her to become Minister of Energy. In 2005, a political crisis triggered by a corruption scandal led to the resignation of Chief of Staff José Dirceu. Rousseff took over the post, remaining in office until March 31, 2010, when she left in order to run for President. She was elected in a run-off on 31 October 2010. She is the first female elected President of Brazil, in addition to being the first economist elected for the office. [read more]

 

Economy

Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America, the world's seventh largest economy at market exchange rates and the eighth largest in purchasing power parity (PPP). Brazil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources. The Brazilian economy has been predicted to become one of the five largest in the world in the decades to come, the GDP per capita following and growing. Its current GDP (PPP) per capita is $10,200, putting Brazil in the 64th position. It has large and developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors, as well as a large labor pool. [read more]

 

Attraction

Brasilia

Brasilia is the capital of Brazil and sits on a flat plateau region in the Central Highlands of Brazil. It is a very unique city in that it was planned and developed in 5 years by the Brazilian government and inaugurated in 1960. The city is known for its spectacular modern architecture that was designed by renowned Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer.

Congress Center JK Bridge The Cathedral of Brazil

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro is the most popular tourist attraction in Brazil. Rio is known for its beaches, carnival, nightlife and its breathtaking landscape. It has many iconic sights which include Sugar Loaf Mountain, the Christ the Redeemer statue on top of Corcovado mountain and the famous Copacabana and Ipanema beaches.

Sugar Loaf Mountain Christ the Redeemer statue Copacabana & Ipanema beaches

Rio Carnival

The Rio de Janeiro Carnival is the most famous carnival in Brazil and one of the biggest and best celebrations in the world. Many Brazilians and tourists flock to Rio to be part of the carnival festivities. While the Samba Parade is the most well-known event of the Rio Carnival, the other highlights of the Carnaval are its street festivities, samba dancers dressed in elaborate costumes, music, and countless balls & parties held along the beaches and in nightclubs across the city.


Sao Paulo

Sao Paulo is Brazil's largest, richest and most cosmopolitan city. Although the city is not known as a tourist destination the city does offer a wide variety of attractions and entertainment options that many do not know about. Experience Sao Paulo's nightlife, the many museums or climb to the top of one of the city's skyscrapers and see amazing views over the city.


Santos

Santos is a costal city located on the island of Sao Vicente in the state of Sao Paulo. It is considered the most important and biggest seaports in Brazil and South America. Santos handles a large portion of the world's coffee exports and also many other Brazilian exports such as oranges, bananas and cotton. Santos is where football (soccer) legend Pele had his beginnings and there are exhibits dedicated to him and other great players of the city. Also, the neighboring island of Guaruja & its beaches should not be missed.

Santos Port Soccer Exhibition Guaruja Beach

Ouro Preto

This city is one of the most historical cities in Brazil and is designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its historical and colonial architecture. This former colonial mining town is located about 100 km south of Belo Horizonte in the Serra do Espinhaco mountains. The city has a variety of old gold mines that can be toured, many colonial buildings and plenty of hiking opportunities at the nearby Itacolomi Peak which contain a variety of animals and plants.

Ouro Preto City Gold mine Itacolomi Peak

Amazon Rainforest & River

The Amazon Rainforest, along with the Amazon River running through it, is the world's largest tropical rainforest and covers more than half of Brazil. The Amazon has the planet's greatest biodiversity of plant species and wildlife. It is home to jaguars, monkeys, pink dolphins, birds, thousands of species of fish & insects, and many other creatures. The Amazon is also home to indigenous groups that live throughout the forest. Parts of the Amazon can easily be visited and has become one of the top tourist attractions in Brazil for those seeking ecotourism.

Salvador

Salvador is the third largest city in Brazil and sits on the coast in northeastern Brazil. The city is the capital of the state of Bahia and has a variety of things to do and see. It has beautiful beaches and a city center full of colonial buildings. The city has strong African influences and was the birthplace of Capoeira, a Brazilian martial art.

Salvador City Colonial Buildings Capoeira Martial Art

Olinda

Olinda is located about 5 km north of Recife and is one of Brazil's best-preserved colonial cities. Olinda is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and features a number of major tourist attractions, such as its historic city center that features a variety of colonial buildings. The city also has a popular street carnival and unlike in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, the carnival in Olinda has free admission. Its beaches, bars, and restaurants should also not be missed.


Pantanal

The Pantanal is the largest tropical wetland in the world that features swamps, rivers, forests and savannas. Much of the Pantanal lies within the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, but it also extends into Mato Grosso and portions of Bolivia & Paraguay. The Pantanal is home to a variety of bird species as well as jaguars, monkeys, anacondas, caiman crocodile, piranhas and a variety of other animals. You can go on boat tour excursions through the Pantanals to spot wildlife.


Iguazu Falls

Iguazu Falls is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Brazil. This massive waterfall is located next to the city Foz do Iguacu on the border of Paraguay and Argentina in the southern Brazilian state of Parana. Iguazu Falls belongs right up there along side Victoria Falls of South Africa and Niagara Falls of the USA when it comes to the most beautiful waterfalls in the world.


Ilha do mel

Ilha do Mel is a beautiful island just off the coast of Parana. The island has natural lagoons, caves, waterfalls, and deserted beaches. There are a couple of small villages on the southern part of the island and it is also home to a 18th century fort and a 19th century lighthouse. The island can only be reached by ferry boat and there are no cars on the island, and transportation is either by foot along the many paths or by boats. It is a great place to go if you enjoy camping or nature.