Ethiopia

Ethopian Airlines is an airline headquartered on the grounds of Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It is the national airline of Ethiopia, operating scheduled international passenger and freight services to over 50 destinations worldwide, as well as domestic services to 32 destinations and passenger and cargo charter flights.

Culture

Your trips to the various sites of Cultural Ethiopia will help you to :

  1. Understand how different cultures can live side by side in harmony
  2. Detach yourself from the hectic schedules of the modern life momentarily
  3. Realize that it does not take much to be really happy, thus helping you to revaluate your priorities.


There is no better place to study and observe the ‘art’ of coexistence than Ethiopia.

Ethiopia is one of the very few countries where scores of cultures with various religions, lived side by side in more or less the same locations for centuries, maintaining their differences while rallying around common heritages that bind them together.

In Ethiopia, the South Nations, Nationalities and peoples region is home for more than half of the total Ethiopian ethnic groups. Hence, this region is the best location to observe the cultural diversity of neighbouring tribes.

‘Mosaic of Cultures’ is thus a very fitting phrase to define Ethiopia and Ethiopians. Mosaics are the embodiment of Unity with diversity! [read more...]

 

Prime Minister

prime minister MelesMr. Meles Zenawi was born 8 May 1955. He is the Prime Minister of Ethiopia. Since 1985, he has been chairman of the Tigrayan Peoples' Liberation Front (TPLF), and is currently head of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). His first name at birth was "Legesse" but he is better known by his nom de guerre Meles. He later changed his first name to "Meles" in honor of a University student and a revolutionary radical who was executed by the previous government in 1975.

Mr Meles has led the country for 19 years, after abandoning his medical studies at the Addis Ababa University to help overthrow the communist government of Mengistu Haile Mariam. In interviews with international media organisations last year, he said he wanted to step down and serve the party in a different capacity.

 

Land

Vancouver Ethiopia has an area of 1,112,000 square kilometres – as large as France and Spain combined. The Abyssinian highlands run from the north down the centre. Towards the west, the land drops to the grasslands of Sudan. The eastern part of the land holds the deserts of the Afar. The Rift Valley Lakes dominate the land to the south of Addis Ababa.

Geography

Ethiopia is located at the eastern tip of the African Continent. Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and Kenya are the neighbouring countries. Addis Ababa with a population about 5 million people is the capital city of the country.

Topography

Ethiopia has an elevated central plateau varying in height between 2,000 and 2,000 meters. In the north and centre of the country there are some 25 mountains whose peaks rise over 4,000 meters.
Ethiopia has variety of topographical features from the peaks of the Semien Mountains to the Danakil Depression in the Rift Valley Afar Region, vast central plateau, moorlands, tropical forests, savanna deserts, lakes and rivers.

 

Government

Ethiopia is a Federal of 9 regions, mainly based on ethnicity. The present government was re-elected in May 2005 for a 5-year term.

 

Economy

About 90 percent of the population earn their living from the land, mainly as subsistence farmers. Agriculture is the backbone of the national economy and the main exports from this sector are coffee, oil seeds, pulses, flowers, vegetables, chat, sugar and animal feeds.

Ethiopia has the largest domestic livestock population in Africa. There is now thriving livestock sector, exporting meat, cattle on the hoof, hides and skins.

 

Although still young, the Tourism Industry is set to make an increasingly important contribution to the economy.
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Population

The current population is about 80 million, making it the third most populated country in Africa.

 

Festivals

Festivals are important in the lives of all Ethiopians, because they are on of the main means by which our various peoples express and identify themselves. Festivals in Ethiopia are colourful accessions that bring families and communities together. Coinciding your visits with the festival of a particular people will give you the best opportunity to study the war life of families and communities of that people. There are many national, religious and ethnic festivals. Some of the most interesting ones are described in the following pages.

 

Natural Ethiopia

For naturalists, Ethiopia can almost be considered as a ‘pilgrimage’ site.
Ethiopia has one of the most captivating natural environment in the Whole of Africa.
Some of the breathtaking landscapes remain as unspoilt now as in the days of formation.
The vast proportion of the immense variety of wildlife remains wild and free, unaccustomed to and unthreatened by man.

Scenery

The diverse sceneries and landscapes of Ethiopia are assured to satisfy any nature- lover and eco-tourist. Most of these attractions, some of which unique to Ethiopia, have their own background histories and stories.

Blue Nile Falls

This is one of the most dramatic spectacles on either the White or Blue Niles, a vision of natural strength and grandeur. The falls reach a width of some 400m during the rainy season. The Blue Nile plunges forty-five meters down a sheer chasm to throw up a continuous mist kilometre away.

Lake Tana

Area: 3,600 sq km
Lake Tana is the largest late in Ethiopia, and is the source from where the famous Blue Nile starts its long journey to Khartoum, and on to the Mediterranean.

Sof Omar Cave System

Length: 16 km
The sof Omar cave system, is one of the most spectacular and extensive underground cavern in the world. It is an extraordinary natural phenomenon of breathtaking beauty, and one of the best sites for caving adventure.

Blue Nile Gorge

Within 30 km of its source at Lake Tana, the Blue Nile River enters a canyon which it does not leave for 400 km. Huge rivers pour into the Blue Nile Gorge from all over the highlands.

The Danakil Depression

This part of the world is one of the remotest, the lowest and unique land formation of the world. It is the unstable portion of the Great rift valley.

Erta Ale Volcano

Erta Ale is an absolutely unique Lava lake that never stops erupting.
This unique place is an ideal site for adventure expeditions or volcano studying.

Natural forests

Most of our regional states, particularly Oromiya, South Peaples, Gambela, and Ben Shangul have many natural forests with indigenous plans. The habitat of these forests has never been altered and is maintained by natural balances without the intervention of humans.

 

Parks

ethiopian national parks map Ethiopia’s eleven beautiful national parks and three wildlife sanctuaries – which shelter a wealth of wildlife, plants and birds, including the indigenous and endemic ones – are now quite accessible.

 

Without masses of tourists having left their mark, they are virtually unspoilt in their splendour: a taste of true Africa. This offers travel opportunities that are enjoyable, informative and quite refreshing.
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Semien mountains national part UNESCO world Heritage

semien mountains Site Area: 179 sq. Km
Altitude: 1,900 to 4,430m
Temperature: 11.5 to 18 °C day and freezing by night
Avg. Rainfall: 1,150mm a year, falling between Mar. to May. and Sep. to Nov.
The Semien Mountains is one of the principal mountain massifs of Africa.

The Bale mountains national park

bale national park Area: 2,400 sq Km
Altitude: 1,500 to 4,377m, highest point in southern Ethiopia.
Temperature: -7 to 26°C depending on the season. The dry season is cold nights and hot days, while the wet season has more moderate temperatures.
Ave. Rainfall: 1,150mm a year, falling between Mar. and Oct. and other months.

Nechisar national park

nechisar national park Area: 514 sq. km, 78 sq km water
Altitude: 1,108 to 1,650m
Temperature: 11 to 26°C
Avg. Rainfall: 880mm a year, falling between Mar. to May. and Sep. to Nov.
Location: on eastern shores of Lakes Abaya and Chamo. ‘Nech Sar’ means ‘white Grass’ which vividly describes the broad plains area of Nechisar National Park.

Awash national park

awash national park Area: 827 sq. km
Altitude: 900m
Temperature: Day Max 42, Night 10 to 22°C
Avg. Rainfall: 619mm a year, falling between Feb. to Apr. and Jun. to Aug.
Location: At lowlands 211 km east of Addis Ababa
Vegetation: Plains covered by grass species and scattered shallow soil over rock covered in dense thickets of acacia species, heavily bushed rocky valleys.

The Abiata – Shalla national park

abiata national park Area: 887 sq. km, 482 sq. km is water
Altitude: 1,540 to 2.075m
Temperature: 5 to 45°C
Avg. Rainfall: 500mm a year, falling between Mar. and Apr. and Jun. to Sep.
Location: Lakes Abiata and Shalla
The park was created for the many species of aquatic birds that use the lakes, particularly treat white pelicans and greater and lesser flamingo.

Mago national park

mago national park Area: 2,162 sq. km
Altitude: 450 to 2,528m (Mount Mago)
Temperature: 14 to 41°C
Avg. Rainfall: 480mm a year, falling between Mar. to May. and Oct. to Dec.
Location: Eastern bank is mainly grass savannah, with some forested areas around the rivers.

Gambella national park

gambela national park

Area: 5,060 sq. km
Altitude: 400 to 768m
Temperature: High
Avg. Rainfall: 1,500mm a year, falling between Apr. to Oct.
Location: Western Ethiopia, on Akobo river system

The vegetation here is mainly grassland and wooded grassland, with extensive areas of swamp.

Yangudi-Passa national park

yagudi-rassa national park Area: 4,730 sq. km
Altitude: 400 to 1,459m
Temperature: Day max 42°C, Night 10 to 22°C
Vegetation: Semi-arid grass and trees with succulent scrub.

 

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