Mexico

Aeromexico is the flag carrier airline of Mexico based in Colonia Cuauhtémoc, Cuauhtémoc, Mexico City. It operates scheduled domestic and international services to North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean, Europe, and Asia. Its main base is Mexico City International Airport.

Geography

Mexico is located between latitudes 14° and 33°N, and longitudes 86° and 119°W in the southern portion of North America. Almost all of Mexico lies in the North American Plate, and Mexico is entirely considered part of North America, along with Canada and the United States.

Mexico's total area is 1,972,550 km2 (761,606 sq mi), making it the world's 14th largest country by total area, and includes approximately 6,000 km2 (2,317 sq mi) of islands in the Pacific Ocean (including the remote Guadalupe Island and the Revillagigedo Islands), Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and Gulf of California. From its farthest land points, Mexico is a little over 2,000 mi (3,219 km) in length.

Us & Mexico border fence map Pico de Orizaba

History

In the year 1519 Mexico was invaded by Spain and it set up a three-century colonial rule in Mexico. That also Explains why Spanish is the most popular language in Mexico and is spoken by 97% of the population. In 1810, Miguel Hidalgo declared independence in the small town of Dolores, causing a long war that eventually led to its independence in 1821, creating First Mexican Empire with Agust de Iturbide as first and only emperor. States of California, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico and parts of Utah and Wyoming were once a part of Mexico. Texas which was also a part of Mexico was the cause of Mexican-American War in 1846 to 1848. After that Mexico went through some political unrest including Mexican Revolution of 1910 mainly caused because of social inequality. Mexico has been rising steadily in the last 4 decades.


Economy

Mexico has one of the world's largest economies, and is considered both a regional power and middle power. In addition, Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD (since 1994), and considered an upper-middle income country by the World Bank. Mexico is considered a newly industrialized country and an emerging power. It has the thirteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico ranks fifth in the world and first in the Americas by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites with 31, and in 2007 was the tenth most visited country in the world with 21.4 million international arrivals per year.

 

The World Economic Forum ranks Mexico 79th globally on the overall quality of its infrastructure (out of 139 countries). A National Infrastructure Plan of $233 billion is designed to raise the coverage, quality, and competitiveness of the country’s infrastructure assets.

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President of Mexico, Mr. Enrique Peña Nieto

Mr. Enrique Peña Nieto is the 57th and current President of Mexico. He is a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the former governor of the State of Mexico from 2005 to 2011. Peña Nieto was declared President-elect after the Mexican general election was declared valid by the Federal Electoral Tribunal. He assumed the office on 1 December 2012, succeeding Felipe Calderón as President of Mexico, thereby marking the return to power of the party that ruled Mexican politics for 71 consecutive years. [read more...]


Popular Tourist Destination

Cancun - Beach Paradise

Cancun is among the most popular tourist attractions in Mexico and is shaped like an island located by the Caribbean sea on the Yucatan peninsula (South East Mexico). The economy is based on tourism and the people go out of their way to show tourists a good time. It has year round mild climate, white sandy beaches and excellent tourist services. You will find one of the finest hotels of Mexico here, offering relaxing spas, luxury rooms and service. These waters are ideal for water sports including surfing, under water diving, sailing and boating. Cancun is populated with mega resorts and over 20,000 hotel rooms. Cancun is also offer activities like golf, ecological parks, fishing and charters, horseback riding, jungle tours, Mayan Ruins, nature reserves, scuba diving, snorkeling and swim with dolphins. Cancun is he most popular travel and tourism attraction of Mexico. [more info]

Beach Mayan Ruins Caribe Park Royal Grande

Mexico City - Palaces

It is the capital of Mexico and the most important industrial and culture of the country. It is the 2nd largest metropolitan area in the world with about 9 million inhabitants. It is a modern, cosmopolitan city situated in an old lake basin that is surrounded b volcanic mountains and sits at an elevation of 7,400 ft. It is also very famous for its pre-Hispanic remains of the civilizations which lived here before the 3 decade Spanish rule. It was founded in 1325 by the Aztecs who settled in this area with a population of around 100,000 people and later built temples, pyramids and buildings. You will also see the murals of Diego Rivera and the paintings of Frida Kahlo. [more info]

Zocalo San Juan Teotihuacan Valle De Bravo

Acapulco - Romantic Resorts

Acapulco, a C-shaped bay is one of the most beautiful and popular tourist attractions in the Mexican Pacific. It is also a major seport and a popular resort for tourists taking long holiday weekends and cruises from the United States, the Mexican interior and countries in South America. With stunning beaches, exuberant natural surroundings and wonderful climate, this port has been dubbed the Pearl of the Pacific. The modern infrastructure has had very little complexes, superb restaurants and wonderful nightclubs. The Nahua Indians, the Aztecs predecessors, lived in Acapulco around 3,000 BC. Even though it's an upscale tourist location, Acapulco is still more reasonably priced than Cancun. [more info]

San Diego Museum Delfines Paradise Cliff Diving

Tijuana - Gateway to Mexico

Tijuana is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the world's most-visited border town. This US-Mexico border city is ust south of San Diego, California, in fact you can make a round trip from San Diego in just 1 day. Many foreigners travel here to drink and dance, buy prescription drugs, bootleg brand-name clothing and accessories. You will find a lot of handcrafts, leather goods, cigars and souvenirs. Bargaining is common. It's always recommended to keep an ID with you. [more info]

Avenida Revoluci Lady of Guadalupe Cathedral Caesars Palace Hotel

 

Health Care

Since the early 1990s, Mexico entered a transitional stage in the health of its population and some indicators such as mortality patterns are identical to those found in highly developed countries like Germany or Japan. Although all Mexicans are entitled to receive medical care by the state, 50.3 million Mexicans had no medical insurance as of 2002. Efforts to increase the number of people are being made, and the current administration intends to achieve universal health care by 2011.

Mexico's medical infrastructure is highly rated for the most part and is usually excellent in major cities, but rural communities still lack equipment for advanced medical procedures, forcing patients in those locations to travel to the closest urban areas to get specialized medical care.

State-funded institutions such as Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) and the Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) play a major role in health and social security. Private health services are also very important and account for 13% of all medical units in the country.

Medical training is done mostly at public universities with much specializations done in vocational or internship settings. Some public universities in Mexico, such as the University of Guadalajara, have signed agreements with the U.S. to receive and train American students in Medicine. Health care costs in private institutions and prescription drugs in Mexico are on average lower than that of its North American economic partners.

 

Education

Education in Mexico is regulated by the Secretariat of Public Education (Spanish: Secretaría de Educación Pública). Education standards are set by this Ministry at all levels except in "autonomous" universities chartered by the government (e.g., UNAM). Accreditation of private schools is accomplished by a mandatory approval and registration with this institution.

The 1917 Constitution provides that education should avoid privileges of religion, and that one religion or its members may not be given preference in education over another. Religious instruction is prohibited in public schools; however, religious associations are free to maintain private schools, which receive no public funds. Proof of Mexican citizenship is required to attend public schools for free, but foreigners can attend public schools by paying a tuition.

In the same fashion to other education systems, education may be described in identifiable stages, such as Primary School, Junior High School, High School, Higher education, and Postgraduate education.