Nicaragua

La Costeña is an airline based in Managua, Nicaragua. It operates passenger services from Managua to ten domestic destinations as part of the Grupo TACA regional system. Its main base is Augusto C. Sandino International Airport, Managua.

Nicaragua lies at the heart of Central America and is the region’s largest country, though it is still less than 60,000 square miles. With a host of natural assets from pristine beaches, towering volcanoes, rivers and rainforests, to cultural treasures and rich folkloric traditions, Nicaragua is emerging as an extraordinarily enticing destination. Safe and inviting, Nicaragua’s people are her most precious resource. Their innate warmth and hospitality give true heart to this abundant country.

Calles Granada Omentepe Small cathedral

Today, Nicaragua faces a bright future with significant progress towards macroeconomic stability. The government has recently undertaken an economic plan to reduce poverty, stimulate growth, and provide jobs. Encouraging foreign investment and further development of the tourism sector continue to be major initiatives for Nicaragua. In fact, recent growth of the tourist industry has made it the nation’s third largest source of foreign exchange and the primary source of income in Nicaragua.

According to the World Bank, Nicaragua’s GDP for 2003 was US$ 4.1 billion with an annual growth rate of 2.3 percent. Gross Domestic Investment has risen to 31.2 (expressed as a percentage of GDP) while national debt as a percentage of GDP has declined to 166.6 from a high of 643.5.

Volcano Masaya Houses in Leon Corn Island

The country’s investment climate is also excellent. There is transparency and positive initiatives in the legal and regulatory system have contributed to a continual inflow of foreign investment. In particular, foreign investment in tourism and real estate are highly favored due to a variety of tax and incentive programs. International Living magazine (September 2003) rated the country as one of the top ten most attractive for retirement. This rating was based on a high personal safety index as well as the low costs of living and real estate.

Nicaragua opens its heart to the world. Visitors will be welcomed to a safe haven, poised for discovery. Its colorful canvas of nature and culture is presented by an ingenuous people waiting to share each moment.

 

Nicaragua is widely rated as the safest country in Central America and one of the safest in the world. Interpol statistics (2001) show that Nicaragua had less than half the crime of the USA and only about 25 percent of that of Germany and 20 percent of that of England.

box shadow

President

Daniel OrtegaJosé Daniel Ortega Saavedra (Spanish pronunciation: [xoˈse ðaˈnjel orˈteɣa saˈβeðɾa]; born 11 November 1945) is the current (83rd) President of Nicaragua, having served since 10 January 2007. He previously served as the 79th President, between 10 January 1985 and 25 April 1990. For much of his life, he has been a leader in the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional or FSLN).

After a popular rebellion resulted in the overthrow and exile of dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle in 1979, Ortega became a member of the ruling multipartisan junta and was later elected president, serving from 1985 to 1990. His first period in office was characterized by a controversial program of land reform and wealth redistribution, hostility from the United States' Reagan administration, and armed rebellion by US-backed Contras.

Ortega was defeated by Violeta Barrios de Chamorro in the 1990 presidential election, but he remained an important figure in Nicaraguan opposition politics. He was an unsuccessful candidate for president in 1996 and 2001 before winning the 2006 presidential election. [read more...]

 

Tourist Information

Hotels

In Nicaragua, a visitor can stay in a variety of international hotel chains as well as smaller, more intimate boutique hotels characterized by their personalized service.

Documentation

Passports must be valid for at least six months. Most travelers do not require visas. Only a $5 tourist card is needed and can be purchased when entering the country.

Transportation

By air the international airline company is the Nicaraguan of Aviation, member of the Taca International group. The international airport is Augusto Caesar Sandino just 12 kilometres of the centre of Managua. International carriers such as American Airlines, Continental, Copa, Grupo Taca and Delta, provide direct daily flights from Miami, Houston, Atlanta and Los Angeles to Managua’s International Airport. There are also numerous flights available from its neighboring countries in Central America, from which tourists can also travel by land to reach Nicaragua.

By sea the main ports are Port Sandino, Corinto, The Bluff and Puerto Cabezas. In these ports boats arrive from other countries of America and Europe. Inside Nicaragua it is easy to travel by boat. It is possible to sail in Lake Nicaragua. There is a daily boat service between Granada and San Carlos and the islands of the Lake can be visited.

By road the Pan-American Highway crosses Nicaragua passing by Esteli and Managua. Buses exist that connect the country with the rest of the Central American capitals and that connect the main cities of the country. The road network has more than 18 thousand kilometres of which 1987 are asphalted. Visitors can use local driving permits for 30 days after entering Nicaragua.

Communications

The telephone code is (505) followed by the respective 7-digit telephone number. Nicaragua has two main newspapers and six television channels. Also several private and governmental radio stations exist. The television by cable is available in almost all the country, connecting with the main North American television chains. The newspapers are published in Spanish. Internet Cafes exist throughout major tourist cities of Nicaragua. In addition to conventional telephone lines, every city has cellular service networks, DSL and email at very favourable prices.

Places of interest

Managua, León, Esteli, San Juan del Sur, Granada and Masaya.

Gastronomy

Corn is the base of many Nicaraguan plates. Other typical plates are picadillo, rosquillas (small doughnut-like), rice, meat soup or gallo pinto.

Celebrations

19 of July (Day of the Revolution), 1st of August (Celebration of Saint Domingo), 14 of September (Commemoration of the Battle of San Jacinto), 15 of September (Celebration of Independence).

Tourist products and destinations

The main tourist attractions that Nicaragua offers are their Colonial Cities like GRANADA closely together to the capital Managua, well-known as The Great Sultana. It conserves the colonial air displayed on the houses and buildings of the city. It is filled with constructions with history. The best point to begin the route is the Columbus Central Park. In one of its lateral the City Council is found closely to the Cathedral. Near Granada the Natural Reserve of Mombacho Volcano and the Island of the Dead await, where some stone statues are found.

Other products of Nicaragua are nature and adventure developed in places like the Masaya Volcano National Park, also known as Popogatepe that means in indigenous language "mountain that burns". The Masaya Volcano National Park was established like the first national park of Nicaragua in 1979. This volcanic complex extends in an area of 54 kilometres and is conformed by two volcanoes and five craters, one of which is active. Masaya volcano erupted in 1670 and two centuries later the Santiago crater was born, which is active and gases can be appreciated. This place also has great historical value, since in pre-Columbian times the natives thought that the eruptions were signals of fury from the Gods. Therefore, natives made human sacrifices to please them.

The Park exhibits diverse pre-Columbian articles. The Conquerors, who baptized the place like "the Mouth of Hell", placed in century XVI, the "Cross of Bobadilla" next to the border of the crater. Another attraction is the Footpath of the Coyotes, which leads to the Lagoon of Masaya. The park is to 26 kilometres from Managua and 5 from Masaya.

Masaya volcano